The Internet of Things (IoT) is rapidly shaping both the consumer and industrial sector, according to a report, by 2023, government, companies, and consumers will install around 40 billion IoT devices internationally. Every business and consumer domain accepts new-age technology for the smooth functioning of their applications. From retail to healthcare, logistics to finances, even education have faced long-term failure due to avoiding updated technology that their rivals have used first. So, companies who don’t innovate lag behind for more reasons than one.
More importantly, the pandemic year’s challenges again confirmed the requirement of securing all four components of the IoT model, those are:
Quantum computing is one of the most eligible systems for securing the entire application because it has the potential to process more data compared to classical computers which ensure more precision. However, the idea of converging quantum computing and the Internet of Things (IoT) is not new, many works of literature and researches have discussed this, but still, quantum computing is not even close to deployment on a commercial scale.
Understanding the complexity of such convergence requires recognizing security issues of the Internet of Things (IoT) and comprehending the complicated nature of Quantum Computing.
Some of the major security issues of the IoT system includes:
We are currently in the 4th generation of computers and soon will step into the 5th generation. We have experienced a plethora of technical changes generation by generation that includes microprocessor after vacuum tubes, transistors, and integrated circuits, which are based on conventional computing that works on the classical phenomenon of electrical circuits – being in a single state at a given time.
Here are some of the differences between Classical Computing and Quantum Computing:
Classical computing operates on the classical phenomenon of electrical circuits being in a single state at a given time- either ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
The basic unit of classical computing is Binary ‘Bit’ (1 or 0).
Information manipulation and storage is based on “bit” that is based on voltage and charge – low is 0 and high is 1.
Circuit behavior is conducted by classical physics.
Classical computing uses binary codes like bits 0 or 1 to represent information.
The basic building blocks of classical computers are CMOS transistors.
Copying is easy in such classical computers.
Quantum computing operates on the phenomenon of Quantum Mechanics like superposition and entanglement, which is more than one state at a time.
The basic unit of quantum computing is ‘Qbit’ (vector).
Information manipulation and storage are based on quantum bit or “qubit” that is based on the polarization of a single electron or the spin of the electron.
Circuit behavior is conducted by quantum physics or quantum mechanics.
Quantum computing use Qubits like 0,1 and superposition state of both 0 and 1 to represent information.
The basic building blocks of quantum computers are Superconducting Quantum Interface Device or SQUID or Quantum Transistors.
Copying is impossible in the Quantum computing system.
Other than the above-mentioned basic differences there ate hundreds of other differences between Classical and Quantum Computing.
As the number of wire increases storing complex information becomes easier
Quantum computing is the element that can help to address the challenges and issues that are blocking IoT’s path of growth. Some of the worth mentioning possibilities are:
The speed of the operating system can be increased incredibly with Quantum computing since IoT devices generate a lot amount of data that require heavy computation and a series of optimization, so IoT systems will be beneficial from the operational point of view.
Quantum computing can speed up the process of validation across the entire system much faster while ensuring constant optimization of the systems.
Through quantum cryptography can ensure more secure communication. The complexity acts as a defense against cyber hacks that include data breaches, authentication, malware, and ransomware.
Quantum computing is in its developmental phase, tech giants like IBM. Google, Microsoft, etc. contributing huge resources to come up with powerful quantum computers. They are able to build multiple machines containing lots of qubits, but the challenge is to operate these qubits smoothly with zero to minimum error. The quantum computing system is extremely promising, continuously opening new possibilities to harness security issues, it reaches versatile practical applications for not only for businesses but also for consumers.
IoT is expanding rapidly to fulfill all our technological demands every day. Moreover, to cope up with new normal situations be it Work From Home (WFH), ordering food from renowned restaurants, it accelerated the deployment of various devices. The convergence of Quantum Computing with IoT under “Quantum IoT” or QIoT pushing a lot of boundaries will become much easier. Products with such technologies will add “Quantum” or “Q” to their products. According to the prediction, more adoption of Quantum hardware and software applications like QSaaS, QlaaS, and QPaaS as parts of the Quantum and QAI (Quantum Artificial Intelligence) will be introduced in the market.
Tanaya is a Senior Content Developer at IoT Avenue who helped to build the content of the site along with several other sites with her compassionate SEO driven content. She is also a HubSpot, certified Content Marketer. She brings her five years of experience to her current role, where she is dedicated to developing the content of different websites.
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